Diagonal of a Square

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The diagonal of a square is as simple as the Pythagorean theorem.

It is very simple:

(length)2 + (width)2 = (diagonal)2

In other words, you simply take the square root of the sum of the squares of the length and width of the square.

(length)2 + (width)2   = d

A simple equation for the diagram above would be this:

x2 + y2   = d

Since the length and width of a square are equal, you can simply multiply one side squared by 2, like this:

2(x2) = d

So, if a side of the square above is equal to 1, then the equation for the diagonal is this:

2(12) = d

 2  = d

Incidentally,  2  is approximately 1.4. That’s a handy number to remember.

And, if a side of the square above is equal to 2, then the equation for the diagonal is this:

2(22) = d

 2(4)  = d

2 2  = d

And, if a side of the square above is equal to 3, then the equation for the diagonal is this:

2(32) = d

 2(9)  = d

3 2  = d

You can now see a pattern developing. The diagonal of a square is equal to any side of the square times  2 .

See whether you can solve the flashcards below.

TAKE YOUR TIME!

  • What is the diagonal of the square above?
  • What is the area of the square above?
    4
  • What is the perimeter of the square above?
    8
  • What's the area of the isoceles triangle?
    2

  • What is the diagonal of the square above?
  • What is the area of the square above?
    25
  • What is the perimeter of the square above?
    20
  • What's the area of the isoceles triangle?
    12 1/2

  • What is the diagonal of the square above?
  • What is the area of the square above?
    256
  • What is the perimeter of the square above?
    64
  • What's the area of the isoceles triangle?
    128

Assume that the circle touches all four sides of the square in the diagram above.

  • What is the diameter of the circle above?
    6
  • What is the area of the square above?
    36
  • What is the perimeter of the square above?
    24
  • What's the circumference of the circle?
  • What's the area of the circle?